Periodontal disease is the inflammation of the gums that leads to weakening of the tissues which support the teeth including the gums, the periodontal ligaments, and the tooth sockets. Regular brushing and flossing may lower your risk significantly.
Periodontal disease is caused by plaque that has been deposited around your teeth over several years. The plaque is a sticky material made of bacteria, mucus, and food debris. It becomes hard after sometime and changes into tarter that gets trapped at the base of the tooth, and causes irritation and inflammation of gums. Gum injury, poor dental hygiene, pregnancy and diabetes can increase your risk of the disease. Hormonal changes during puberty mays also increase the risk of periodontal disease.
Common symptoms of the disease include bleeding gums that are tender to touch and bright-red in color, and mouth sores. Your gums may swell and become shiny as well.
Your dentist may perform a thorough examination of your teeth, gums and oral cavity to confirm the diagnosis of periodontal disease. Dental x-rays and dental bone measurements may be recommended in rare cases.
The goal of the treatment is to reduce inflammation. Your dentist may clean your teeth thoroughly, and teach you correct brushing and flossing techniques. Professional tooth cleaning once every six months, and regular use antibacterial mouth rinse may lead to the required benefits. Your dentist may also perform procedures to correct the misaligned teeth.
The symptoms start improving within one or two weeks. Good dental hygiene will prevent it from recurring.
The American Academy of Periodontology states that almost 75 percent of adults over age 35 have a form of periodontal disease, which can ultimately lead to tooth loss. Some of the common myths include:
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