Aneurysm symptoms will usually start to appear once a blood vessel's walls dilates because of hypertension, atherosclerosis, or even trauma or infection.
An aneurysm will usually appear in the aorta. However, it may also appear in peripheral vessels, as well as in older people's lower extremities, most of all inside their popliteal arteries.
Some aneurysm symptoms include a pulsating kind of swelling that creates blowing murmurs on auscultation with stethoscopes. An aneurysm might rupture and cause a hemorrhage, as well. Conversely, it might also cause thrombi to form inside the dilated pouch to create emboli and obstruct tinier vessels in the process.
An aneurysm can be there since birth or might occur because of a disease or aging. It is most commonly associated with atherosclerotic disease, though.
Aneurysm symptoms will depend on where the aneurysm is in the first place. Some common areas would include the intracranial muscles, the aorta and the aortic artery in the stomach. A lot of the time, aneurysms don't even have any symptoms and only get discovered through a checkup, on X-ray or through touch.
When aneurysm symptoms do occur, though, they usually include pulsating sensations. If the aneurysm presses on certain organs inside of the body, it might cause pain, too. So, if the aneurysm exists in the chest, for example, the person who has it might experience upper back pain, as well as trouble swallowing, hoarseness or coughing. If an aneurysm ruptures, it usually produces extreme and sudden pain, too. Depending on how much it bleeds and where it is, it might also cause a loss of consciousness, shock and death. If bleeding occurs, emergency surgery would be needed.
To reduce the overall risk of rupture or to lower a person's blood pressure, drugs might be prescribed to the patient. If the aneurysm is in the stomach and is already big or won't stop getting bigger, it will need to be treated with surgery. The same goes for aneurysms in the thorax, as well as ruptured or dissecting aneurysms.
If the aneurysm is congenital, that it sadly cannot be prevented. However, other aneurysms can be prevented with a healthy lifestyle since following one can slow down or prevent the occurrence of atherosclerosis. Hypertension will need to be controlled very carefully to prevent the extension or formation of aneurysms and to keep aneurysm symptoms at bay, as well.
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